If you own a home, you’ve probably noticed that there are gutters running along the edge of the roof, collecting rainwater and directing it away from your house and into the ground to keep your foundation safe. But how do gutters really work? This article explains everything you need to know about how gutters work and why they’re an important part of any structure.

Why Do We Have Gutters?

Guttering dates back to the time of the Indus Valley Civilization, circa 3,000 BC. During this time, gutters were made from burnt clay bricks. Gutters became very popular in the early 1700’s in American colonies. They were made by wooden boards in a V-shape and were attached to buildings with wooden pins or cast iron brackets. In the late 1700’s, built-in gutters began to appear on new structures in the United States. Today, there are many different materials that gutters can be made in but most are created from aluminum and are made to fit the exact dimensions of the building.

Anatomy of a Gutter System

There are many different variations of gutter systems and accessories. Below is a list of the key anatomy of a gutter system.


A gutter downspout is a vertical pipe that is connected to the gutter elbow. It drains the water from the gutter to the ground away from your home.


A gutter elbow is a piece of downspout that is used to direct water from your gutters to the downspout. It can be contoured specifically for your style of home.

Drop Outlet

A gutter drop outlet is shaped like a “T” and allows for water to escape the gutter and flow into the elbow or downspout.

End Cap

A gutter end cap is attached to the end of a gutter. It prevents water leaking out of the gutter.

Gutter Guard

A gutter guard is a piece that goes overtop of the gutter that prevents leaves and debris from clogging.

Drip Edge

A gutter drip edge is a flashing that directs the water into the gutter. It is made out of non-corrosive and non-staining materials and is installed during roofing.

There is so many more parts that can be added to your gutter system. Contact Us today to see how we can protect your home from water damages.

How Can I Tell If I Need Repairs?

Identifying the signs that your gutters need repair is very important. Here are a few different signs to keep a look out for.

1. Paint peeling or rust.

2. Your gutters are sagging or have started to move away from the house.

3. Pools of water that have started to form around the foundation of your home.

4. Mildew or staining in your home’s attic.

5. There is hardware from your gutters on the ground.

6. Water is overflowing from the sides of your gutters.

7. Cracks in your gutter.

If you notice any of these signs or other damages, contact us below!